Far From the Eye, Larger than Life/ Prof. Micha Popper (2009)
The further the psychological distance between leaders and followers, the "greater" the leader seems in the followers' eyes and the more "greatness" is attributed to him.
התשובה על השאלה מדוע מנהיגים כגון אטאטורק, בן-גוריון, לינקולן, וושינגטון ואחרים נהיו “לאייקונים” ואילו מנהיגים אחרים, שהיו מנהיגים כריזמטיים בשעתם, אבדו בתהומות השכחה אינה קשורה לאישיותם של המנהיגים, אלא ליסודות הסיפור הקולקטיבי.
In short, leadership is defined through the eyes of the followers. The answer to the question, “Why did leaders like Atatürk, Ben-Gurion, Lincoln, Washington, to name a few, became ‘icons’ while other charismatic leaders in their time did not, and were lost to oblivion?”,is not connected to the personality of the leader but to the foundations of the collective story.
The intensifying growth of their leadership image which bears a resemblance to the way viruses spread, is developed by an approach known as ‘The Social Network Approach’ in which the leader is a product of social contamination.
Distant leaders are described in stereotypical terms such as ‘larger than life’, ‘visionary’ and ‘courageous’. Familiar leaders, people of ‘meat and blood’, who followers are familiar with, are described in specific behavioral terms such as, ‘relates in a personal way’ or ‘makes an effort every lesson’ etc.